The Nevada Test Site (NTS) was established in 1951 with the overall mission to conduct field tests of nuclear devices and also for low-level waste disposal. Due to the risks associated with exposure to nuclear materials and the chemicals associated with nuclear devices, many former employees, scientists, and contractors who worked at the Nevada Test Site are now eligible to receive compensation if they have been diagnosed with certain forms of cancer.
Here, we have compiled publicly available information and documentation about the facilities covered by the Act to clarify how their activities relate to the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act.
Nevada Test Site
Also Known As: Nevada National Security Site
Time Period: 1951-present
Facility Type: Department of Energy
Facility Description: The Nevada Test Site was established in 1951. The mission of the Test Site is to conduct field tests of nuclear devices in connection with the research and development of nuclear weapons. The Nevada Test Site, slightly larger than the State of Rhode Island, has been the primary location for testing nuclear explosive devices since Operation Ranger was first conducted in 1951. In addition, the site is used for low-level waste disposal. Currently, the site is allowing other types of testing at the site, conducting remediation, and is in a standby mode so that if nuclear weapons testing ever is needed again, it could be conducted at the Nevada Test Site.
Throughout the course of its operations, the potential for beryllium exposure existed at this site, due to beryllium use, residual contamination, and decontamination activities.
CONTRACTORS: : National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec) (July2006-present); Bechtel Nevada (January 1996-June 2006); Reynolds Electrical & Engineering Company (1952-1995). Navarro-Intera, LLC, environmental contractor, (January 2009-present). Wackenhut Service, Inc., provides security related-work, (June 2006-present).
Holmes and Narver was an architectural and engineering contractor at the Nevada Test Site from late 1951 until November 1990. Holmes and Narver’s role at the Nevada Test Site was to design and supervise construction of facilities that included towers, bunkers, instrument stations, tunnel complexes, and other test-support facilities. In November 1990, this function was assumed by a new contractor, Raytheon Services, Nevada.
Nevada Test Site is listed as a Department of Energy (DOE) site under the EEOICPA.
Special Exposure Cohort (SEC) Classes:
Department of Energy (DOE) employees or DOE contractor or subcontractor employees who worked at the Nevada Test Site from January 27, 1951 through December 31, 1962 for a number of work days aggregating at least 250 work days, either solely under this employment or in combination with work days within the parameters (excluding aggregate work day requirements) established for other classes of employees included in the SEC, and who were monitored or should have been monitored.
All employees of the Department of Energy, its predecessor agencies, and its contractors and subcontractors who worked at the Nevada Test Site, from January 1, 1963 through December 31, 1992, for a number of work days aggregating at least 250 work days, occurring either solely under this employment or in combination with work days within the parameters established for one or more other classes of employees in the SEC
As of 01/08/2023, the total compensation paid under Parts B and E of the EEOICPA, including medical compensation, for workers suffering from the effects of having worked at the Nevada Test Site is $2,090,773,441. Click here for a current accounting of compensation paid to former Nevada Test Site Workers under the EEOICPA.
Nevada Test Site Workers:
If you or your parent worked at this or any other DOE or AWE facility and became ill, you may be entitled to compensation of up to $400K plus medical benefits from the US Department of Labor. Call EEOICPA Counsel Hugh Stephens at 1-855-EEOICPA (336-4272) or fill out the form to the right, whether or not you have already filed a claim and even if your claim has been accepted or denied.
We can help with all OWCP (Federal Workers Compensation) claims, impairments, wage loss and health care. 2495 Main Street, Suite 442 Buffalo, NY.
Color HD footage of atomic bomb tests in Nevada:
Published on Jun 11, 2015
High Definition Color footage of atomic bomb tests with active duty military personnel at Camp Desert Rock, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, showing soldiers in foxholes as the nuclear detonation occurs nearby. The soldiers, naturally, were exposed to the nuclear light, shockwaves, and blowing radioactive dust. Soldiers are also seen climbing out of foxholes and running towards the mushroom cloud, causing many soldiers who were present to be exposed to even higher levels of radiation.
DISCLAIMER: This video is part of the Prelinger Archives with the Creative Commons Public Domain Mark 1.0 license. This video is in the Public Domain.
The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) produced a film in the 1950’s that justifies the Nevada Test Site thus:
“MISSION FALLOUT,” a movie about Operation Plumbbob made in 1957, illustrates the study of radioactive fallout from nuclear explosions at the NTS, including an explanation of the inner workings of dosimeter badges and other monitoring equipment, can be seen below:
Another, more detailed explanation of Operation Plumbbob itself:
Another view of some of the ways in which NTS Workers were exposed to radiation can be seen in the 1951 film by the Albuquerque Operations Office of Operation Ranger, Operation Buster/Jangle:
* Site Location and Background:
The Central Nevada Test Area (CNTA) is located approximately 22.5 kilometers (km) (14 miles [mi]) north of U.S. Highway 6 and approximately 137 km (85 mi) northeast of Tonopah in Nye County, Nevada (Figure 1âˆ’1). Three emplacement boreholes, UC-1, UC-3, and UC-4, were drilled at CNTA for underground nuclear weapons testing. The Project Faultless underground nuclear test was conducted in borehole UC-1 at a depth of 975 m (3,200 ft) below ground surface on January 19, 1968. The other two emplacement boreholes (UC-3 and UC-4) were not used, and no further testing was conducted at CNTA. Boreholes UC-1, UC-3, and UC-4 are located on three separate land withdrawals that range in size from approximately 1 to 1.5 square mi (Figure 1âˆ’2). All three land withdrawals are accessible to the public.
The CNTA is located in the north-central portion of the Hot Creek Valley within the Basin and Range physiographic province. This province consists of regularly spaced, roughly north-southâˆ’trending mountain ranges separated by alluvial valleys formed by faulting. The UC-1 site lies at an elevation of 1,860 m (6,100 ft) above mean sea level and is bordered by the Hot Creek Range to the west and the Pancake Range to the east of UC-1. The Hot Creek Range is composed of Paleozoic sedimentary rocks and Tertiary volcanic rocks. The Paleozoic rocks comprise sandstones, quartzite, limestone, and dolomite, while the Tertiary volcanic rocks comprise welded tuff, nonwelded bedded tuff, argillized and zeolitized tuff, conglomeratic tuffaceous sandstone, carbonaceous siltstone, and rhyolite (Healey 1968). The alluvium at UC-1 is approximately 730 m (2,400 ft) thick and is underlain by tuffaceous sediments and zeolitized tuffs to a depth of approximately 998 m (3,275 ft) (Barnes 1968). The Morey Peakâˆ’Hot Creek Caldera is thought to be buried by deposits of tuff and alluvium beneath the northern portion of Hot Creek Valley (Healey 1968).
The Project Faultless test resulted in the subsidence of an irregularly shaped area of approximately 0.9 square kilometer (0.3 square mile). One northeast-trending fault scarp extends beneath the southeastern corner of the UC-1 Mud Pit and cover with as much as 4.6 m (15 ft) vertical displacement. Normal drainage patterns were disrupted by the formation of this scarp, so flood diversion channels were constructed to protect the cover and prevent infiltration along the fault scarp (NNSA/NV 2001). Depth to the water table at the UC-1 CMP is approximately 168 m (550 ft).
NIOSH SEC Petition Evaluation Reports
Petition 55 (Jan 1, 1951 to Dec 31, 1963)
SEC Petition Evaluation Report, Petition SEC-00055, Report Rev # 0
Report Submittal Date: 4-10-2006
Petition 70 (Jan 1, 1942 to Dec 31, 1954)
Merged with Petition 84
Petition 84 (Jan 1, 1942 to Dec 31, 1954)
SEC Petition Evaluation Report, Petition SEC-00084, Report Rev #: 1
Report Submittal Date: January 25, 2010
Technical Basis Documents
Technical Basis Document for the Nevada Test Site – Introduction
Effective Date: 07/20/2006